Pvt. Missouri State Guard
Pvt. 42nd Regt., EMM
Peter Alexander was born April 27, 1838 in Ohio. He came to Cole
County with his family as a young boy. Peter and his brother John were well
to do farmers in Cole County and both joined the Missouri State Guard.
Peter fought at Wilson's Creek, Pilot Knob and Carthage. After being
captured, he was forced to join the Union Army or have his Cole County
property taken away from him.
He married Prudence Virginia Dunnica on November 26, 1862. Her
family was among the earliest Cole County pioneers. Her grandfather James
Dunnica built the first Cole County Court House, first MO State Capitol and
the MO State Penitentiary.
Peter and Prudence were the parents of Minnie May, Leroy, Mary
Mariah, Eliza Jane, Frederick and Hettie Ann. Peter continued to farm in
Cole Co. until his death on January 10, 1900. He is buried in the Centertown
Pvt., Clark's Reg't. MO Inf. Co. A
Josiah homesteaded a farm in Callaway County just across the river
from Jefferson City. His log house still stands today and is occupied by his
A foot soldier under General Sterling Price, Josiah fought and was
wounded at the Battle of Pea Ridge. He died in a make-shift hospital at Fort
Pleasant, Arkansas on March 21, 1863.
His personal effects, including his musket, on loan to the Cole County
Historical Society Museum, were sent home to the family. The musket was
thrown under the porch of his log house and laid there until it was retrieved
by his great-great-grandsons, Bill Burkett and Linus Wigenstein. While
playing with the weapon, the young boys decided it was too long and unwieldy,
and attempted, unsuccessfully, to saw off the end of the walnut stock to
make it more manageable. Family members have chosen not to repair the
damage since it is part of family history and a warm memory of their late
William Smith Davison
Pvt., 23rd VA Vol. Cav. CSA
William Davison, prosecuting attorney of Cole County, was born
October 4, 1845 in Cole County, the son of Edward and Eleanor (Baldwin)
Davison. Edward came to this area about 1839 or 1840, making his home in
Cole County. William was orphaned in childhood and was reared by an aunt in
Frederick Co., VA.
In 1863 and 1864 he served in the army from Virginia, enlisting in Co.
D, 23rd VA Volunteer Cavalry, and active field work. At the battle of
Fisher's Hill, he was wounded and suffered the loss of his right arm. Before
he had recovered, he returned to his command and served until the close of
In 1866 he attended a school in Baltimore, MD and in 1867 came to
Missouri where he attended school. He then taught school and worked in
various clerical employments until 1874 when he began reading law, and later
was admitted to the bar. During this time he filled the position of City
Immediately upon being admitted to the bar he began practicing law
and filled the positions of Associate Justice of the County Court, City
Attorney, and County Prosecuting Attorney.
He married Miss Anna M. Davison, daughter of Dr. William A. Davison
of Cole County. Four children were born of this union: Edmonia, Cecil, Hite
William was one of the original organizers of the Jefferson City
Water Works Company. He was a Democrat in politics and a member of the
Ancient Order of United Workmen.
Ashley Washington Ewing
Pvt. Co. A Pindall's Batt'n, MSG
Pvt. Co. G., 9th MO Inf.
Ashley Ewing was born in Cole Co., MO December 28, 1838, the son of
Robert Allen and Jane Ramsey Ewing. He voted for Tilden for President in
the 1860 election. After the war he served a term in the legislature and for
a number of years was commissioner of the permanent seat of government.
In 1888, he was elected Mayor of the City of Jefferson.
He married Sallie E. Bolton, daughter of Waller and Mary (Lansdown)
Bolton, December 4, 1889 and lived at 604 Madison Street in Jefferson
City. They had no children.
Mr. Ewing died March 22, 1905 and is buried in Jefferson City's Old
James Britton Gantt
12th GA Reg't. Inf. C.S.A.
J. B. Gantt was born in Putnam Co., GA, Oct. 26, 1845. In the Sprig of
1862, at the age of 16, he enlisted in the 12th GA Regiment Infantry, C.S.A.,
and served in Jackson's Second Army Corps, Army of Northern VA, until
permanently disabled by a wound at Cedar Creek Valley, VA in Oct. 1864.
Previous to this he was twice wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg and at
the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864.
After the war he studied law and graduated from the Univ. of VA in
1868. He moved to MO and engaged in the practice of law. He was elected
Judge of the 22nd Judicial Circuit of MO in Nov. 1880, serving 6 years. In
1890 he became Judge of the Supreme Court of MO and rose to the position
of Chief Justice and Presiding Judge.
He married Alice Warth, April 23, 1872, who died August 8, 1889.
They had four children. On July 23, 1891 he married Matilda (nee
Weidemeyer) Lee. The family resided at 111 East McCarty Street in
Jefferson City. He was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.
Sgt., 2nd MO Cavalry, CSA
This son of Job and Sarah (Embree) Goodall was raised on a farm at
Cole Junction. Along with his cousin, Isham Embree Gordon, son of
Alexander Gordon, Walker joined the Confederate Cavalry in Aug. 1862, but
a couple months later they were dismounted and integrated into the
infantry. Walker and Isham fought at Battle of Prairie Grove in Dec 1862 as
well as other Arkansas battles. The 10th Missouri was under command of
General M.M. Parsons who was under Sterling Price. Their worst battle was
at Helena, AR in July 1863 where the 10th MO lost almost 60% of their men
and Walker Goodall was taken prisoner. He remained a POW for 20 months
then became part of the famed 2nd MO Cavalry as Sgt. under Col. Robert
McCullock in AL. He and several others escaped from the Battle of Mobile
by hopping a train to Baldwin, MS. When the war was over he walked back to
Cole Junction from MS.
For the next 9-10 years, Walker farmed and taught school. He
married Sarah Handley, daughter of Tom and Mary Ann Gordon Handley and
worked at the Missouri Penitentiary for 18 years as a guard and foreman. At
age 60 he entered county politics and served as a Judge for the next 16
Judge Goodall had 8 children and numerous grandchildren. He was
politically prominent and active in church and civic organizations. Though he
was a well known public figure, he practically never talked about his
experiences in the terrible war.
Joseph Henry Green
Co. D, 1st MO Inf.
J. H. Green was born at Troy, Lincoln Co., MO, April 2, 1842. At the
outbreak of the Civil War, he was teaching school in West Prairie, MO. On a
Friday afternoon (1861), he dismissed his school, borrowed a horse and rode
to Troy. He sent his horse back to its owner and with about 700 others,
started for Jefferson City. After 2 days' march they reached the home of
Gen. Jeff Jones in Callaway County where they whole neighborhood had
prepared a feast.
They were unable to cross the MO River as Gen. Lyon had just fought
the Battle of Boonville and had the MO River guarded. The command broke
up into squads and Green with his stepbrother, James Carter, worked their
way south, and ultimately joined Capt. Martin Burke's 1st MO Infantry at
New Madrid, MO.
During the war, Mr. Green was in a number of conflicts. He was
wounded at the battle of Champion Hill and his step-brother, James Carter,
was killed at the same time. He was discharged on account of disability,
coming across the river where he was commissioned Colonel by Gen. Price and
sent to MO to recruit. He was captured and taken to Gratiot Street Prison,
then to Johnson Island and exchanged. He went to Mexico for a couple of
years then returned to Jefferson City in 1867 where he engaged in the
insurance business, then moved on to Sedalia where he worked in real estate.
He was general land agent of the M K & T Railroad and returned to
Jefferson City in 1899.
Charles E., Samuel W. & Thomas, Greenup
Tandy Greenup was born in Wayne Co., KY and came to Cole Co., MO
with his father, Christopher B. Greenup, at the age of seven. He was the
fourth of six sons, five of whom were living at home when the War broke
out. James L., Tandy A. and George W. served with the Union Army and
Charles E., Samuel W. and Thomas served the Confederate Army.
At the battle of Wilson's Creek, Charles and Samuel were on the
Confederate side and Tandy was with the Union; all were wounded. Samuel
was shot through the hips and thigh, Tandy was shot through the hand and
Charles was shot in the arm and went on with his command. Tandy was taken
home by his mother to recuperate. While he was convalescing, a squad of
Confederates sent word that if he would surrender his horse, saddle and
arms they would not molest him further; if he did not surrender they would
burn his stepfather's place. He responded that they would get nothing from
him except at the point of a bayonet. The squad advanced on the house with
burning hay, and as they came over the fence, Tandy fired at the head of
one and shot him through the thigh. The others took to their heels and left.
Tandy rode to Georgetown, Pettis Co., where he enlisted and served in
the Fifth Missouri Cavalry. At Swas Prairie, MO he was wounded in the
knee, rendering him crippled for life. At the end of four months he was
back again in the ranks, and was with his regiment until the battle of Cane
Hill, AR when he was wounded again in the same knee. He rejoined his
regiment in two months and served until his term expired, April 23, 1865.
July 12 he re-enlisted in Co. F, 2nd Veteran Cavalry and remained until August
26, 1866 when he was mustered out at Salem, MO.
After the war he was employed by the MO Pacific Railroad and later
kept a hotel in Center Town. He married Miss Martha A. Schaufler and they
had five children, two sons and three daughters. Mr. Greenup was Justice
of the Peace and Center Town and also held the office of deputy assessor
and collector. Later he became postmaster.
James P. Harding
General, Missouri State Guard
James Harding was born in Boston, MA, Feb. 13, 1830, the son of
Chester and Caroline M. (Woodruff) Harding. He came to St. Louis for a
short time at age 14 but returned east to attend Phillips Academy. From
1847 to 1852 he traveled widely before returning to MO where he went to
work for the MO Pacific Railroad and was on surveys in charge of
construction west of Jefferson City. In 1855, he married Christine Cordell.
In 1860 he was appointed Chief Clerk of the State Auditor's office,
and in January 1861, was appointed Quartermaster General of the State of
MO by Gov. C. F. Jackson. At the outbreak of the War he left the Auditor's
office to become Quartermaster General of the Missouri State Guard, in
1862, resigning at Van Buren, AR.
He was appointed by Gen. Price as Division Quartermaster in the
Confederate service, serving a short time, his resignation taking effect at
Corinth, MS. He then became Captain of Artillery and was later promoted to
Major, which position he held until the close of the War. Most of his time
was spent in Charleston, SC on ordnance duty. He participated in nearly all
the engagements around Charleston while on duty there, and in 1864 was
ordered to Columbus, GA where he had charge of the Confederate States
armory and pistol factory.
At the close of the war James went with his family to Pensacola, FL.
In Feb. 1871, he returned to Jefferson City and shortly afterward was made
Chief Engineer of the Jefferson City, Lebanon & Southwestern Railroad
where he worked for over 2 years. He then accepted the position of Clerk in
the Auditor's Office, and in 1875 was appointed Architect and Supt. of
Improvements of the prison. He held this position and also that of
bookkeeper at the prison resigning when he was elected Railroad
Commissioner. Harding served until 1889, when he was made secretary of
The General was a prominent citizen of Jefferson City. He was the
father of 9 children, 8 of whom survived; Margaret, Chester, Eugene,
Virginia, Christine, Stanley, Phillip and James.
James Levi Keown
Capt., 4th Reg't. MO Vol., Co. D
Captain James Levi Keown was born near Nashville, TN on April 11,
1821 and came to Missouri as a young boy, learning the carpenter's trade. He
went to the California gold fields in the 1849 Gold Rush. Returning to
Missouri, he ran the woodworking shop at the Missouri State Penitentiary.
He would later play a major role in the interior construction of the
He joined the Confederate Army of General Sterling Price and served
as Captain of Company "D" 4th Regiment of Missouri Volunteers attached to
General M. M. Parsons' Brigade. He fought in several major engagements
during the War, including the Battle of Wilson's Creek.
During the bloody Wilson's Creek battle he observed that a long-time
friend, Frederick Buehrle of Jefferson City, was wounded in the shoulder
and leg. Buehrle was a Union soldier. Under heavy fire, Keown went onto the
battlefield and pulled Buehrle to safety. Both survived and remained
At age 92, Captain Keown died at his Jefferson City home, 327 East
Main Street (Capitol Avenue) on May 1, 1913. He is buried in Riverview
Cemetery. Captain Keown and his wife, Georgia Barkley, had six children.
George Webster Maddox
Scout, Quantrill's Battalion
George Maddox, Quantrill's Chief Scout, was a noted guerilla of the
times. He also fought with General Jo Shelby. In this photograph he sports
a pair of Remington's 1863 New Model Army Pistols.
Following the war, he lived in Jefferson City with his wife, Nanny
(Boswell) Maddox, and their eight children, three daughters and five sons.
His occupation was listed on the 1900 census as farmer; he worked as a
prison guard in Jefferson City.
George Maddox died in 1906 at his home at 618 McCarty Street in
John Sappington Marmaduke
Brig. General, C.S.A.
John Sappington Marmaduke was born March 14, 1833, near Arrow
Rock in Saline Co., MO. His father was Meredith Miles Marmaduke, 8th
governor of MO. His mother was Lavinia Sappington, daughter of Dr. John
Sappington of Saline County.
John attended Yale and Harvard before graduating from Westpoint in
1857. He served in the Mormon War and as a Colonel of the MO State
Militia before joining the Confederate Army as a Lt. and sent to Arkansas.
Marmaduke was thought by some to be the best-trained pro-Southern
military man in Missouri at the outbreak of the war. He was commissioned Lt.
Col. and assigned to Gen. Hardee's staff in Arkansas.
Marmaduke took conspicuous part in the desperate battle of Shiloh,
where he was wounded and promoted to Brigadier General because of his
bravery and unusual ability displayed upon the battlefield.
After Shiloh he was again transferred to Arkansas where he served
with marked ability and was promoted to Major General. In April 1863, he
invaded southeast Missouri but was forced to retreat back into Arkansas.
In 1864 he commanded the cavalry on Sterling Price's raid into Missouri, was
captured at the Marais des Cygnes River and held prisoner until the end of
The above information is common knowledge and probably well known
by the reader. However, one incident during the war may be underreported,
and that is the duel between John and Marsh Walker from Tennessee. Like
Marmaduke, Walker was also a West Point graduate whose mother, Jane
Maria Polk, was the sister of President James K. Polk. Also like Marmaduke,
in the summer of 1863, Walker was commanding his own cavalry division
under Lieutenant General T. H. Holmes, C.S.A. in Arkansas. Their feud began
at the abortive Battle of Helena, when Marmaduke accused General Walker
of failing to protect his flank (a claim supported in General Holmes afteraction
report), and Walker accused Marmaduke of failing to pass on orders,
etc. One thing led to another in the following several weeks' charges of
cowardice toward Walker firmly ignited the actual duel with pistols at 15
paces on September 6, 1863. Walker lost.
Marmaduke, a Democrat, was elected governor of MO in 1884 and
served until his death on December 28, 1887. He is buried in Woodland
Major Eli Bass McHenry
10th MO Cavalry, CSA
Eli Bass McHenry was born in Jefferson City April 15, 1840, son of James
Bennett McHenry. For three or four years before the war he was a member
of the Governor's Guards. His first duty after the Federal occupation of
Missouri was guarding military stores. When the State government was
transferred out of Jefferson City, he accompanied those citizens who
followed and later rendezvoused with the State troops in southwest
Missouri where he joined an independent company of cavalry.
Soon afterward he was appointed adjutant of Col. J. T. Cearnal's
regiment of cavalry. With the State troops he took part in the battles of
Carthage, Wilson's Creek, and Pea Ridge, where he was slightly wounded. He
mustered into the Confederate service as a private in Col. R. C. Wood's
Tenth Missouri Cavalry, of which he became adjutant in 1864. He was
engaged in the Corinth, Mississippi campaign with General Price, Shelby's
raid in Missouri in 1863, the Camden campaign in Arkansas, and Price's raid in
Missouri in the fall of 1864.
After the surrender in June 1865, he returned home to find anti-
Confederate sentiment predominant and promptly moved to Memphis, upon
being warned to leave his native city. Mr. McHenry became clerk and master
of the Chancery Court of Memphis, and was a member of the Memphis Bar
for many years as well as a member of the Confederate Relief and Historical
Association of that city. He held the rank of Major on the staff of the late
Gen. A. J. Vaughan, Major-general commanding the division of Tennessee,
United Confederate Veterans.
Major McHenry is an ancestor of the late Judge James F. McHenry.
John T. Musick
Pvt., 4th MO Cav., Co. I
John T. Musick was born on Dec. 11, 1841, on a farm in 20 miles
southwest of Jefferson City in Cole County, MO. In 1861 at the outbreak of
the Civil War he enlisted in what is now called the "Lost Cause". Joining
McKinzie's Company, Parson's Brigade, at Hickory Hill then switching to CSA
in 1862, he was in active service the following three years. He fought at
Prairie Grove and other sites.
He returned home in 1864, bought a farm in Clark Township in 1865
and in 1866 married Marinda Simpson. They had five children: Ida, Dora,
Anna, Eliza and Thomas Delaware.
Judge Musick was a member of the Christian Church and a Democrat
in politics. He served as Judge of the county court.
Irvin S. Oliver
Pvt. 2nd Reg't., Cav. Vols. Co. E
Irvin S. Oliver enlisted June 1, 1863 in Panola, MS and saw extensive
battlefield service in Salem, Collierville, Wyatt Ferry, Collierville, Moscow,
Smith and Grierson's Raid, Harrisburg and Memphis.
In his final years, he was a resident of the Confederate Veterans
Home in Higginsville, Missouri.
Gus A. Parsons
Lt., Co. B, Pindalls S.S.
MO Vol. C.S.A.
Gus was the youngest son of General Gustavus Adolphus and Patience
Monroe Bishop Parsons and the brother of General Mosby Monroe Parsons.
He came to Missouri with his parents, first settling in Cooper County then
moving to Jefferson City around 1840.
He enlisted at the age of 16 and served as a Lieutenant with Pindall's
Sharp Shooters. Gus was 17 years old when he was killed at the Battle of
Pea Ridge December 12, 1862. He was buried in Fairview Cemetery in
Vanburen, Crawford Co., Arkansas.
Gen. Mosby Monroe Parsons
M. M. Parsons was born on May 21, 1822 in Charlottesville, VA, son of
General Gustavus Aldophus Parsons. Around 1840 he moved with his family
to Cole County where he studied and was admitted to the bar in 1846.
During the Mexican War he organized and commanded the Cole Co. Dragoons.
He was Attorney General of MO, elected to the House of Representatives
and was subsequently elected to the State Senate in 1858.
He commanded the 6th Division, MO State Guard from the outbreak of
war until he was commissioned brigadier in the Confederate service on Nov.
5, 1862. Parsons fought at Carthage, Springfield and Elkhorn, and in the AR
campaigns of 1862 & 1863. The following year he was sent to reinforce
Richard Taylor during the Red River campaign where he was present at
Pleasant Hill, and later participated at Marks' Mills and Jenkins' Ferry
against Steele. He was appointed commander of the MO State Guard to
replace Gen. Sterling Price who had joined the Confederate Army.
Parsons was commissioned Brigadier General after the battle of Pea
Ridge and the AR campaigns. He commanded the Div. of MO Inf. At the
battle of Pleasant Hill, was with Price in his last march through AR and MO.
As of April 30, 1864 he was assigned to duty as a Major General by Kirby
Smith and was so paroled, although he was never officially appointed by the
He went to Mexico after the close of the war. About Aug. 7, 1865,
Parsons was captured and executed by Juaristas near Chino, Mexico. He is
probably buried in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
Born in Kentucky in 1834, Jim homesteaded south of Jefferson City,
along with his two brothers. All three represented Cole County in the War,
Jim as a Confederate and his two brothers George and John on the Union
Jim was killed at the Battle of Helena, fighting in Mosby Parson's
Brigade as part of General Sterling Price's Division. Cole County experienced
a number of casualties in this campaign, where the total loss was about 40%
on the Confederate side and less than that on the Union side.
One of Jim's sons, John W., was a well known builder in Jefferson
City. Another son, Robert Price, became a prominent attorney, prosecutor
and judge. A grandson, William P. Stone, built and lived at what is now 722
Cliff Street in Jefferson City (currently a bed and breakfast inn), and was a
well known builder like his father. He is credited with building Jefferson
City's first "modern apartment building", Wymore Apartments, located
behind the post office and still in use today.
Jim died July 4, 1863.
Thomas Oliver Towles
Born April 4, 1840, in Columbia, VA, Thomas Oliver studied law before
joining the Confederate Army in April 1861. Thomas served throughout the
Civil War. He was present at the bombardment and surrender of Ft.
Sumpter in 1861 and witnessed the great naval fight on March 9, 1862,
between the Merrimac and the Monitor.
Following the War he resumed the study of law and came to Missouri
in 1866, finally settling in Jefferson City in 1874, where he became very
active in politics. He was a member of the Democratic State Convention at
St. Louis in 1868 and served as Asst. Chief Clerk of the House of
Representatives of the 27th Gen. Assembly (1873-1875). In 1875 he was
appointed Assistant Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives,
subsequently becoming Chief Clerk, serving until 1895.
Maj. Towles was made Secretary of the National Democratic Bimetallic
Committee. This committee organized the Free Silver Democrats of
the United States in the struggle for control and management of the
National Democratic Convention at Chicago.
He was married in 1885 to Florence M. Ewing, daughter of Judge
Ephraim B. Ewing of the MO Supreme Court. They had two sons, William
Beverly and Eph Ewing. The family home was located at 612 East Main
Street. Maj. Towles was particularly active in the Masonic organization.
Robert E. Young, M. D.
Sgt., 3rd MO Field Battery, Co. C
Robert was one of four children and the only son of Judge William C.
Young, a native of Ireland and Colonel in the Missouri Military in the 1830's.
Robert was in his junior year at Mizzou in May of 1861 when the criminal act
at Camp Jackson occurred, causing him and many others to join the State
In the War, Bob was a Pvt. and eventually a Sgt., initially in the cavalry
and orderly to General Parsons for awhile. Later he saw action with the
artillery, "lots of it", first with the Guard and then in several regular CSA
units. Battles included Carthage, Oak Hill, Lexington, Elkhorn Tavern, Pea
Ridge, Corinth, Helena (the worst according to Young), Pleasant Hill and
Jenkins Ferry. He was praised for bravery by General Parsons at Wilson's
Creek but no medals were awarded by the South. Seeing men killed on both
sides of him on several occasions, he maintained in his writings that the "God
of Battles" was watching over him throughout the war. Apparently this was
He would not return to Jefferson City until late 1866, finished his
degree work in Columbia, completed medical school at the University of PA in
1871 then devoted the next 30+ years to private practice, various public
appointments and local politics. For a time he was Superintendent of the
Mental Hospital at Nevada, MO.
Robert Married Lota McKama and they had two children. Late in life
he contributed numerous articles to the local newspaper. Robert died in